08 January 2014 - From the UNAIDS website
Millions of people live in fear and isolation because of their sexual orientation and gender identity.
Towards a free and equal world is an info-graphic that highlights the 78 countries where adult consensual same-sex sexual conduct is criminalized including the 7 countries where this conduct is punishable by death. We know that ending punitive laws based on sexual orientation and gender identity reinforces human rights and supports access to life-saving HIV services. The agenda addressing criminalization, supportive legal and protected environment is critical to achieving the UNAIDS vision of Zero new infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths.
Washington, D.C. – On 2-3 December 2013, world leaders gathered in Washington D.C. to demonstrate global unity in a launch of funding commitments for the fight against AIDS, TB and malaria over the next three years. An initial amount US$12.0 billion was pledged in contributions from 25 countries, as well as the European Commission, private foundations, corporations and faith-based organizations. That represented the largest amount ever committed to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. It was a 30 percent increase over the US$9.2 billion in firm pledges secured in 2010 at the start of the 2011-2013 period.
At the Replenishment launch, global leaders voiced a broad consensus that we are at a historic moment in the fight to defeat AIDS, TB and malaria. Scientific advances are giving us the ability to completely control these diseases. Harnessing these funds, we can make a transformational difference in the lives of millions of people.
Note: Amounts represent nominal pledges and may be modified, up or down, to reflect donor-specified and other adjustments as the case may be.
|DONOR GOVERNMENTS||2014-2016 in millions
|2014-2016 in millions (USD)|
|European Commission||EUR 370.0||502.9|
|United Kingdom||GBP 1,000.0||1,636.90|
|United States of America||-||4,002.30|
|Cote d’Ivoire (D2H*, Germany)||XOF 3,109.2||6.4|
|Indonesia (D2H*, Australia)||EUR 3.4||4.7|
|Indonesia (D2H*, Australia)||-||5.4|
|PRIVATE SECTOR DONORS|
|Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)||Promissory Note||300|
|Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)||Cash||200|
|RED (Consumer Marketing Initiatives)||40|
|United Methodist Church||19.9|
16 December 2013
GENEVA – In the first significant contribution to the Global Fund since the launch of its current Replenishment cycle earlier this month, Switzerland escalated its pledge to 60 million Swiss francs (US$68 million) over the next three years.
Compared with its pledge of 21 million Swiss francs three years ago, the new commitment represents almost a tripling of Switzerland’s contribution, one of the biggest increases by any donor. It also underscores Switzerland’s support for a global health hub in Geneva.
“Switzerland is very committed to the mandate of the Global Fund and to the fight against the three diseases,” said Ambassador Martin Dahinden, Director of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. “Switzerland considers it a great privilege to host the Global Fund Secretariat in Geneva, where it has marked its place among other key-stakeholders in global health.”
On top of that, the Swiss pledge unlocks about US$34 million in additional contributions from the United States, and about US$10 million from the United Kingdom. Each country devised their pledges in a way that partially matches additional contributions by other donors.
Donor pledges at the launch of the Global Fund’s Fourth Replenishment in Washington D.C. on 3 December totaled US$12.0 billion for 2014-16. The Swiss contribution, combined with the matching funds, lifts that total to over US$12.1 billion, the largest amount ever committed to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
Switzerland initially pledged 21 million Swiss francs over the previous three year period, and later increased it to 26 million Swiss francs. The new commitment was approved by the Federal Council, and comes on top of technical support for risk management worth 2.4 million Swiss francs through the German BACKUP Initiative.
“This is a strong vote of confidence in the Global Fund,” said Mark Dybul, Executive Director of the Global Fund. “Switzerland is sending a clear signal that we can sustain momentum in our efforts to raise money in the transformative fight against HIV, TB and malaria.”
Switzerland has supported the Global Fund since its inception in 2002. Switzerland committed last year to raise its official development assistance to 0.5 per cent from 0.45 percent of gross domestic product by 2015. It also plays a prominent role in the Global Fund’s governance as an alternate Board member, sharing a seat with Canada.
CAPE TOWN, South Africa –Mark Dybul, Executive Director of the Global Fund, said the paternalism overshadowing relations between rich countries and poor in global health is giving way to an era of partnership that owes much to the vision of Nelson Mandela.
In a closing speech at the 17th International Conference on AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases in Africa (ICASA), Dr. Dybul paid a rousing tribute to the late South African leader, saying Mandela “broke the silence on HIV in Africa and he broke the silence on HIV in the world.”
“This week, let us finally end the paternalism in the world,” said Dr. Dybul.
Instead, he urged everyone to embrace Mandela’s vision for a world where every human being was a master of his or her destiny. A meeting of the International AIDS Society in Durban in 2000, which Mandela addressed, was widely seen as a turning point in the fight for wide access to treatment for HIV and opened the way to the creation of the Global Fund two years later.
The theme of the ICASA conference in Cape Town was entitled “Now More Than Ever: Targeting Zero,” underscoring a mood of growing optimism that the HIV pandemic can be turned into a low-level endemic that no longer poses a public health risk.
Dr. Dybul also called for the next ICASA meeting to add tuberculosis — the leading cause of death among those with HIV — to its name so that the disease “receives the emphasis it deserves.”
“HIV and TB are like two evil twins and we have the power and the responsibility to release them and we have the power and the responsibility to defeat them,” he said.
The time was long gone for “people from somewhere else” to tell countries in Africa how to tackle the AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. “Your results have shattered the paternalistic myths of what should and can be done,” Dr. Dybul said.
Earlier in the day, Edwin Cameron, who serves as a justice on South Africa’s constitutional court, said stigma was one of the biggest obstacles to defeating the HIV pandemic.
“Stigma remains the most intractably resistant force in the epidemic,” Justice Cameron said. “It spreads blame, fear, inhibition, inaction and silence.”
Justice Cameron, who became the first senior official in South Africa to state in public that he was living with HIV, said men who have sex with men were shamefully treated in Africa: “Thirty-eight countries in Africa still persecute those who, like me, are oriented towards our same sex.”
The chair of the ICASA conference, Robert Soudré, said African countries could not continue to rely indefinitely on external support for HIV treatment.
“More than 80 percent of medicines are financed from external sources and that cannot continue,” said Soudré. “Our countries will have to make available their own resources and governments will have to rely above all on themselves.”
He added: “Zero stigma is what we should aim to achieve everywhere in the world, but also on our African continent.”
Dr. Dybul said although there was no single “silver bullet” that could end the HIV pandemic it was essential to deal with strongholds of infection among young women and girls; men who have sex with men; sex workers; people who inject drugs and prisoners.
“If we are going to address this epidemic we must deal with the strongholds. We must have our tools available for the most vulnerable and that means creating an inclusive human family,” he said.
“Let’s end silver bullet approaches to this epidemic and let’s just end the epidemic.”
WASHINGTON D.C. – Donors at the launch of the Global Fund’s Fourth Replenishment today pledged US$12.0 billion for the next three years, the largest amount ever committed to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
The pledges represent a 30 percent increase over the US$9.2 billion in firm pledges secured in 2010 for the 2011-2013 period. In remarks made at a pledging session here today, several partners echoed the Global Fund leadership’s determination to attract further commitments during the coming three years in order to defeat the diseases.
“We’ve had a terrific beginning,” said Dr. Nafsiah Mboi, Chair of the Board of the Global Fund, who led the pledging session. “I offer heartfelt thanks for the generosity of all partners in this effort. Now let’s go to work.”
Mark Dybul, Executive Director of the Global Fund, said in remarks that closed the Replenishment launch: “The 21st Century ideals that led to the founding of the Global Fund are now stronger than ever: partnership, shared responsibility, and mutual accountability. In many ways, this is a replenishment of hope. It is a lifting up of the human spirit.”
A mood of optimistic determination at the pledging session at the Replenishment launch was captured in an opening address by Ambassador Samantha Power, the Permanent Representative to the UN for the United States government, which hosted the Fourth Replenishment.
“We can beat this,” said Ambassador Power, referring to AIDS, TB and malaria. “Good things happen when multilateral organizations and national governments work together with scientists, philanthropists and civil society. Good things happen when we share responsibility and good things happen when we never give up. Above all, good things happen when we value every human life and honor the rights and dignity of every human being.”
The contributions announced today include funding from 25 countries, as well as the European Commission, private foundations, corporations and faith-based organizations.
President Barack Obama on Monday urged other countries to match the U.S. contribution in order to secure the funding needed. President Obama said the United States – the Global Fund’s biggest donor — would uphold its challenge to pledge $1 for every $2 committed by others through September 2014.
At the pledging session today, the United States pledged US$4 billion, although that could rise as additional pledges are made by other donors, up to a maximum of US$5 billion. Some participating countries unable to pledge at today’s session said that they plan to do so in the coming months. Several leading donors publicly announced pledges in the previous months, although a few did so just before the Replenishment launch.
The Government of Japan announced a contribution of US$800 million today, underscoring its strong and sustained commitment to the Global Fund. Canada announced that it is contributing US$612 million to the Global Fund for the 2014-2016 period.
Germany also announced it is signing a binding agreement to contribute €600 million to the Global Fund for 2014-2016, consistent with an earlier pledge. Chancellor Angela Merkel said in a video message this week that Germany’s longstanding support would never waver.
In recent months, France, the United Kingdom and Nordic countries also announced large new commitments to the Global Fund.
President Francois Hollande announced in July that France would contribute EUR 1.08 billion (US$1.5 billion) to the Global Fund for the 2014-2016 period, reaffirming its robust financial commitment, despite a deeply constrained financial environment. France has been the Global Fund’s second largest contributor since its inception in 2002.
The United Kingdom announced at the U.N. General Assembly in September that it will contribute £1 Billion (US$1.6 billion) to the Global Fund for the 2014-2016 period, the second-largest pledge by any government so far after the United States.
The UK commitment is geared toward encouraging other donors to ramp up their own contributions to the Global Fund, effectively unlocking additional funds, as the UK contribution is limited to a maximum of 10 per cent of the total raised for the Global Fund.
Partners from private sector foundations and corporations also unveiled significant increases in their commitment of resources in the fight against the three diseases.
Bill Gates announced on Monday that the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is committing up to US$500 million to the Global Fund for the 2014-2016 period. This includes US$300 million previously announced and up to US$200 million in new money that will be used to match other donor commitments.
(RED) said that it is contributing US$40 million over the next two years. Other companies and faith-based organizations also made significant pledges, including Vale, Ecobank, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company and the United Methodist Church.
Securing fresh resources for the next three years will help the Global Fund move closer with its partners toward a tipping point in controlling these epidemics, turning what scientists call high-transmission epidemics into low-level endemics and making them manageable health challenges instead of global emergencies.
“We need a comprehensive approach,” said Ambassador Power. “TB is the leading killer of people with AIDS, and 80 percent of deaths from malaria occur in just 14 countries.”
“We have finally reached the time when we can envision a future where AIDS, TB and malaria no longer claim millions of lives each year,” she concluded.
Global Health News
Pacific Friends of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria is a high-level advocacy organisation which seeks to mobilise regional awareness of the serious threat posed by HIV & AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to societies and economies in the Pacific. In pursuing its goals Pacific Friends has a specific interest in highlighting the need to protect the rights of women and children in the Pacific.